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Dr. Uffe Ravnskov: Colesterol, gorduras saturadas e doença cardiovascular

Foto: Dr. Uffe Ravnskov.

Dr. Uffe Ravnskov
Cholesterol, saturated fats and cardiovascular disease



  • Ravnskov U. [Statin-induced muscular problems are underestimated]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2010 Apr 19;172(16):1235; author reply 1235. Danish.
  • Ravnskov U. Cholesterol was healthy in the end. World Rev Nutr Diet. 2009;100:90-109. Epub 2009 Aug 17. Review.
  • Ravnskov U, Schersten T, Sundberg R. Doubtful effect of cholesterol lowering. Rapid Response BMJ 30. sep 2009. See paper here.
  • Ravnskov U, McCully KS. Review and Hypothesis: Vulnerable plaque formation from obstruction of Vasa vasorum by homocysteinylated and oxidized lipoprotein aggregates complexed with microbial remnants and LDL autoantibodies. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 2009 Winter;39(1):3-16. Review.
  • Ravnskov U. [Is there a reason to take the cholesterol campaign seriously?]. Lakartidningen. 2009 Jan 7-13;106(1-2):47-8; discussion 48. Swedish.
  • Mascitelli L, Ravnskov U, Pezzetta F, Goldstein MR. After the failure of ENHANCEd cholesterol lowering in familial hypercholesterolemia, SEAS of problems with ezetimibe. Angiology. 2009 Feb-Mar;60(1):127-8; author reply 129-30. Epub 2008 Dec 1.
  • Ravnskov U. Hypercholesterolaemia. Should medical science ignore the past? BMJ. 2008 Sep 16;337:a1681. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a1681.
  • Ravnskov U. The fallacies of the lipid hypothesis. Scand Cardiovasc J. 2008 Aug;42(4):236-9. Review.
  • Ravnskov U. Re: The association between statins and cancer incidence in a veterans population. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2008 Jul 2;100(13):972-3; author reply 973-4. Epub 2008 Jun 24. see paper here.
  • Accurso A, Bernstein RK, Dahlqvist A, Draznin B, Feinman RD, Fine EJ, Gleed A, Jacobs DB, Larson G, Lustig RH, Manninen AH, McFarlane SI, Morrison K, Nielsen JV, Ravnskov U, Roth KS, Silvestre R, Sowers JR, Sundberg R, Volek JS, Westman EC, Wood RJ, Wortman J, Vernon MC. Dietary carbohydrate restriction in type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome: time for a critical appraisal. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2008 Apr 8;5:9.
  • Ravnskov U. Reply to "Cholesterol lowering and mortality: a sea of contradictions". Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2007 Sep;17(7):e25-7; author reply e21-3. Epub 2007 Mar 29.
  • Ravnskov U. Lack of evidence for recommended low-density lipoprotein cholesterol treatment targets. Ann Intern Med. 2007 Apr 17;146(8):614; author reply 614-5.
  • Ravnskov U. Saturated fat does not affect blood cholesterol. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Dec;84(6):1550-1; author reply 1551-2.
  • Ravnskov U. Beware of the carbs! Rapid Response in BMJ8. Dec 2006.
  • Ravnskov U. [Low carbohydrate diets reduce the need of statin treatment]. Lakartidningen. 2006 Oct 4-10;103(40):3017; author reply 3017-8. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U, Rosch PJ, Sutter MC. High-dose statins and the IDEAL study. JAMA. 2006 Jun 7;295(21):2476; author reply 2478-9.
  • Ravnskov U, Rosch PJ, Sutter MC, Houston MC. Should we lower cholesterol as much as possible? BMJ. 2006 Jun 3;332(7553):1330-2. Review.
  • Ravnskov U. [Treatment of hypercholesterolemia--lower is not better]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2006 Apr 24;168(17):1665.
  • Ravnskov U. [Misleading advice on cholesterol reduction]. Lakartidningen. 2006 Feb 22-28;103(8):568; discussion 569. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. Europe in transition: dietary fat is not the villain. BMJ. 2005 Oct 15;331(7521):906-7; discussion 907.
  • Ravnskov U. Report from the First International Symposium on Trans Fatty Acids And Health Dietary fat is not the villain. BMJ 2005;331:906-7. (Oct 14).
  • Ravnskov U, Rosch, PJ, Sutter, MC. Should cholesterol be lowered as much as possible? Have we really been told all the facts from the TNT trial? Letter to New England Journal of Medicine with an unsatisfactory response from the authors. 2005.
  • Ravnskov U. [Should cholesterol levels be reduced more aggressively?]. Lakartidningen. 2005 Sep 12-18;102(37):2583-4; discussion 2584. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U, Rosch PJ, Sutter MC. Intensive lipid lowering with atorvastatin in coronary disease. N Engl J Med. 2005 Jul 7;353(1):93-6; author reply 93-6.
  • Ravnskov U. [Karl Popper and the cholesterol hypothesis]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2004 Oct 7;124(19):2517. Norwegian.
  • Ravnskov U, Kendrick M. Missing figures from the INTERHEART study. Letter to The Lancet, rejected, but later published as a BMJ Rapid Response. BMJ 2004;329:527.
  • Ravnskov U. [Hasty conclusions on cardiac mortality in Norway]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2004 Aug 26;124(16):2153; author reply 2153. Norwegian.
  • Ravnskov U, Sutter MC. Aggressive lipid-lowering therapy and regression of coronary atheroma. JAMA. 2004 Jul 7;292(1):38; author reply 39-40.
  • Ravnskov U. Inflammation, cholesterol levels, and risk of mortality among patients receiving dialysis. JAMA. 2004 Apr 21;291(15):1833-4; author reply 1834-5.
  • Ravnskov U. [High cholesterol level may protect against infections and probably also atherosclerosis]. Lakartidningen. 2004 Mar 25;101(13):1215-7; discussion 1218, 1221-2. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. High cholesterol may protect against infections and atherosclerosis. QJM. 2003 Dec;96(12):927-34. Review.
  • Ravnskov U. Dietary fat intake and risk of stroke: allegations about dietary fat are unfounded. BMJ. 2003 Dec 6;327(7427):1348; author reply 1348-9.
  • Ravnskov U. The diet-heart idea is kept alive by selective citation. Rapid Response BMJ 8. Dec 2003.
  • Ravnskov U. [Too many calories and too little exercise cause obesity not intake of fat]. Lakartidningen. 2003 Oct 9;100(41):3255-6; author reply 3256. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. Serum cholesterol – a surrogate outcome Rapid Response, BMJ Oct 6, 2003.
  • Ravnskov U. Lipoproteins and cardiovascular risk. Lancet. 2003 Jun 7;361(9373):1988-9; author reply 1989.
  • Ravnskov U. ASCOT-LLA: questions about the benefits of atorvastatin. Lancet. 2003 Jun 7;361(9373):1986; author reply 1986-7.
  • Ravnskov U. The retreat of the diet-heart hypothesis. Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons. 2003. Vol. 8, Nr. 3, Fall.
  • Ravnskov U. [Statins increase the risk of cancer among the elderly]. Lakartidningen. 2003 Mar 13;100(11):974. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. A hypothesis out-of-date. the diet-heart idea. J Clin Epidemiol. 2002 Nov;55(11):1057-63. Review.
  • Ravnskov U. Association does not prove causation and is not the same as a dose-response relation. Rapid response, BMJ 16. July, 2002.
  • Ravnskov U. [The debate in Science: dietary guidelines against myocardial infarction are defended by wrong citations]. Lakartidningen. 2002 Jun 6;99(23):2673. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. Is atherosclerosis caused by high cholesterol? QJM. 2002 Jun;95(6):397-403. Review.
  • Ravnskov U. [Surrogate research on heart disease and risk factors]. Lakartidningen. 2002 Mar 27;99(13):1507. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. [A too optimistic report of a new study on statins]. Lakartidningen. 2002 Feb 28;99(9):949-51. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. Statins as the new aspirin. Conclusions from the heart protection study were premature. BMJ. 2002 Mar 30;324(7340):789.
  • Ravnskov U, Allen C, Atrens D, Enig MG, Groves B, Kauffman JM, Kroneld R, Rosch PJ, Rosenman R, Werkö L, Nielsen JV, Wilske J, Worm N. Studies of dietary fat and heart disease. Science. 2002 Feb 22;295(5559):1464-6.
  • Ravnskov U. Hypercholesterolaemia, the commonest non-disease Rapid response, BMJ 16 Feb 2002.
  • Ravnskov U. Diet-heart disease hypothesis is wishful thinking. BMJ. 2002 Jan 26;324(7331):238.
  • Ravnskov U. Non-Dietary Factors Explain The Lower Cholesterol Concentration Associated With Frequent Eating. Rapid Response, BMJ 18. Jan 2002.
  • Deutsch ME, Ravnskov U Is It Wise To Screen For Hypercholesterolemia in Children? Poster presented at the 18th International Congress of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine in Kyoto, 2002.
  • Ravnskov U. Cholesterol And All-Cause Mortality in Honolulu. Lancet. 2001 Dec 1;358(9296):1907. A comment to the paper by Schatz et al.
  • Ravnskov U. Premature conclusions from the Heart Protection Study. BMJ. 16 Nov 2001.
  • Ravnskov U. [Lipid lowering doesn't affect the development of atherosclerosis in peripheral artery disease]. Lakartidningen. 2001 Oct 31;98(44):4897-8. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. [Millions of healthy people can be considered ill because of the American cholesterol policy]. Lakartidningen. 2001 Oct 17;98(42):4574-7. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. New Cholesterol Guidelines For Converting Healthy People Into Patients. Published June 2, 2001.
  • Ravnskov U. VAT and fat. Evidence is contradictory. BMJ. 2000 May 27;320(7247):1470.
  • Ravnskov U. [Too optimistic view in mass media on statin treatment in acute myocardial infarction]. Lakartidningen. 2001 May 9;98(19):2370. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U . Evidence That a High Cholesterol Does Not Cause Atherosclerosis. Rapid Response to the paper by Sijbrands et al (see below). BMJ 30. April, 2001.
  • Ravnskov U. Fat myths and cardiovascular disease. Rapid Response BMJ 31.mar.2001. See paper here.
  • Ravnskov U. Prevention of atherosclerosis in children. Lancet. 2000 Jan 1;355(9197):69.
  • Ravnskov U. Fiscal prevention of ischaemic heart disease should be based on facts Rapid response, BMJ 4. Feb. 2000.
  • Ravnskov U. Plant sterols: unproved effects on health Rapid Response, BMJ 13 April 2000.
  • Ravnskov U. Why heart disease mortality is low in France. Authors’ hypothesis is wrong. BMJ. 1999 Jul 24;319(7204):255-6.
  • Ravnskov U. [Misleading cholesterol statistics]. Lakartidningen. 1999 Apr 21;96(16):1947, 1949. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. [On honesty and monounsaturated fat]. Lakartidningen. 1998 Nov 4;95(45):4966. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. [Excellence of the "Mediterranean diet" is a myth. There is no evidence that monounsaturated fats prevent myocardial infarction]. Lakartidningen. 1998 Oct 21;95(43):4749-50. Review. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. The questionable role of saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids in cardiovascular disease. J Clin Epidemiol. 1998 Jun;51(6):443-60. Review.
  • Ravnskov U. [Experts ask for priorities when it comes to interpretation. Ravnskov answers in the debate on dietary fats]. Lakartidningen. 1998 Mar 4;95(10):1022-3. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. American College of Physicians guidelines on cholesterol screening. Ann Intern Med. 1996 Dec 15;125(12):1010-1.
  • Ravnskov U. [Do cholesterol-lowering drugs cause cancer?]. Lakartidningen. 1996 May 22;93(21):2040. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. Beneficial effects of simvastatin may be due to non-lipid actions. BMJ. 1995 Nov 25;311(7017):1436-7.
  • Ravnskov U. Implications of 4S evidence on baseline lipid levels. Lancet. 1995 Jul 15;346(8968):181.
  • Ravnskov U. Quotation bias in reviews of the diet-heart idea. J Clin Epidemiol. 1995 May;48(5):713-9.
  • Ravnskov U. [The Scandinavian Simvastatin Survival Study (4S): hasty conclusions]. Ugeskr Laeger. 1995 Apr 10;157(15):2165-6. Danish.
  • Ravnskov U. [Fatty acids and confusing signals]. Ugeskr Laeger. 1995 Mar 13;157(11):1534-5. Danish.
  • Ravnskov U. What do angiographic changes after cholesterol lowering mean? Lancet. 1994 Nov 5;344(8932):1297.
  • Ravnskov U. Doing the right thing: stop worrying about cholesterol. Circulation. 1994 Nov;90(5):2572-3; author reply 2573-7.
  • Ravnskov U. Is intake of trans-fatty acids and saturated fat causal in coronary heart disease? Circulation. 1994 Nov;90(5):2568-9; author reply 2573-7.
  • Ravnskov U. [Uncritical review of articles on cholesterol]. Ugeskr Laeger. 1994 Aug 1;156(31):4479-80. Danish.
  • Ravnskov U. [Do polyunsaturated fats cause male sterility?]. Lakartidningen. 1994 Jun 8;91(23):2308. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. Ischaemic heart disease and cholesterol. Optimism about drug treatment is unjustified. BMJ. 1994 Apr 16;308(6935):1038, 1041.
  • Ravnskov U. Hypercholesterolemia does not cause coronary heart disease–evidence from the nephrotic syndrome. Nephron. 1994;66(3):356-9.
  • Ravnskov U. [Stop the cholesterol campaign!]. Lakartidningen. 1993 Dec 15;90(50):4587-8; discussion 4589-90. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. [Decreased cholesterol level shortens life]. Ugeskr Laeger. 1993 Nov 8;155(45):3679-80. Danish.
  • Ravnskov U. Coronary atherosclerosis on angiography–progress or regress, and why? Circulation. 1993 Sep;88(3):1358-60; author reply 1356-7.
  • Ravnskov U. [New trends from the USA. The cholesterol campaign is questioned]. Lakartidningen. 1993 Jul 14;90(28-29):2528-9. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. Reducing serum cholesterol. Lower cholesterol of doubtful benefit to anyone. BMJ. 1993 Jul 10;307(6896):125. Erratum in: BMJ 1993 Aug 7;307(6900):388.
  • Ravnskov U. [Doubtful advices on cholesterol screening in children]. Ugeskr Laeger. 1993 Jun 14;155(24):1886-7. Danish.
  • Ravnskov U. [Preparedness against scientific fraud]. Lakartidningen]. 1993 Jun 2;90(22):2116. Swedish.
  • Ravnskov U. Cardiovascular disease in developing countries. BMJ. 1993 Jan 9;306(6870):145-6.
  • Ravnskov U., Reply to dissent by W.S. Weintrabub. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 55 (2002) 1073-1074. See Weintraub paper here.
  • Ravnskov U. Frequency of citation and outcome of cholesterol lowering trials. BMJ. 1992 Sep 19;305(6855):717.
  • Ravnskov U. Cholesterol lowering trials in coronary heart disease: frequency of citation and outcome. BMJ. 1992 Jul 4;305(6844):15-9. Erratum in: BMJ 1992 Aug 29;305(6852):505.
  • Ravnskov U. [What is the correct answer in the cholesterol debate?]. Ugeskr Laeger. 1992 Jun 8;154(24):1716-8. Danish.
  • Ravnskov U. An elevated serum cholesterol level is secondary, not causal, in coronary heart disease. Med Hypotheses. 1991 Nov;36(3):238-41.
  • Ravnskov U. [Are polyunsaturated fats useful?]. Lakartidningen. 1991 Mar 20;88(12):1058, 1060. Swedish.

Unpublished letters

Other articles

  • Ravnskov U. The diet argument: ignore what doesn’t fit. How the cholesterol myths are ket alive.
  • Ravnskov U. The cholesterol myths (resume).
  • Ravnskov U. The Benefits of High Cholesterol (pdf). Wise Traditions, WAPF. 2004.
  • Ravnskov U. Saturated fat is good for you.
  • Ravnskov U. News from the WHO - A Dietary U-Turn.
  • Ravnskov U. Fördelarna med ett högt kolesterol.
  • Ravnskov U. Nu är det skördetid för Uffe Ravnskov. 2000-Talets Vetenskap. 2008.
  • Ravnskov U. Virker kolesterolsaenkende. Pharma. 2008.


Book chapters

  • Ravnskov U. Is saturated fat bad? in Modern Dietary Fat Intakes in Disease Promotion, Nutrition and Health, Humana Press, 1st Ed., Chapter 7, p. 109-119. 2010.
  • Ravnskov U. the first 37 pages of book Fat and Cholesterol are Good for You.


Interviews (audio)

  • Dr. Uffe Ravnskov And Rhys Southan, Embracing Low-Carb And Rejecting Veganism. LLVLC-465.
  • Dr. Uffe Ravnskov says fat and cholesterol are good for you. LLVLC-339. Interview starts at 13m30s.
  • The Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD. Inform Yourself, Australia.
  • More cholesterol myths. Your Own Health and Fitness. 2004.
  • Cholesterol Myths. Your Own Health and Fitness. 2001.
  • Heart Disease: What Is It Really? Your Own Health and Fitness.

Other interviews



  • Folkow B. On criticism in bio-medical research–a tribute to Uffe Ravnskov. Scand Cardiovasc J. 2008 Aug;42(4):240-3. Review.
  • Leo Huss Walin prize winner 2007: Uffe Ravnskov (official website here).
  • Concerned scientists dispute new cholesterol-lowering guidelines (THINCS).





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Canibais e Reis

"As populações da Idade da Pedra tinham vidas mais saudáveis do que a maior parte do povo que surgiu imediatamente depois delas. Quanto a facilidades, como a boa alimentação, os divertimentos e os prazeres estéticos, os primitivos caçadores e recolectores de plantas gozavam de luxos que só os mais ricos dos nossos dias podem gozar" - Marvin Harris (1927-2001).

Dietas primitivas e tradicionais


Hipótese Lipídica


Vitamina D

Podcasts (áudio)